In arid and semi-arid regions, global change has a negative influence on water availability. Both the warming climate and land use change enhance extreme weather conditions resulting in drier and hotter local climates. Vegetation restoration in these regions might strengthen the water cycle due to enhanced evaporation, which promotes rainfall. However, in arid regions the additional evaporated water resulting from vegetation restoration might not be sufficient to enhance rainfall locally. For these regions, technological solutions might enable the formation of rain and development of vegetation.
In this session we explore possibilities to improve local climate conditions and the influence of vegetation restoration on the larger scale hydro-meteorology. Furthermore, we will explore how evaporation technology and other solutions can be used to kick-start water cycle regeneration.
Chair: Jolanda Theeuwen MSc, Wetsus