Heike Schmitt

Senior advisor


Heike Schmitt is senior advisor to the theme “source separated sanitation”, on the transmission of antibiotic resistance in the environment. In 2022 she was appointed as professor of Antibiotic resistance in the water cycle, department of Biotechnology at Delft University of Technology. She is also employed by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and Utrecht University.


PhD, Utrecht University, 2005
Diploma, Chemistry, University of Bremen, Germany, 1998

Research interests

Antibiotic resistance, environmental transmission, wastewater treatment, wastewater-based epidemiology

Selected publications

(Full list: Google Scholar)

  • Luiken R, van Gompel L, Bossers A, Munk P, Joosten P, Borup Hansen R, Knudsen BE, Garcia-Cobos S, EFFORT-group, Dewulf J, Aarestrup F, Wagenaar J, Smit LAM, Mevius D, Heederik D, Schmitt H. Farm dust resistomes and bacterial microbiomes in European poultry and pig farms. Environment International
  • Macedo G, Hernandez-Leal L, van der Maas P, Heederik D, Mevius D, Schmitt H (2020). The impact of manure and soil texture on antimicrobial resistance gene levels in farmlands and adjacent ditches. The Science of the total environment 737:139563.
  • Verburg I, Garcia-Cobos S, Hernandez Leal L, Waar K, Friedrich AW, Schmitt H (2019). Abundance and Antimicrobial Resistance of Three Bacterial Species along a Complete Wastewater Pathway. Microorganisms 7(9).
  • Pallares-Vega R, Blaak H, van der Plaats R, de Roda Husman AM, Hernandez Leal L, van Loosdrecht MCM, Weissbrodt DG, Schmitt H (2019). Determinants of presence and removal of antibiotic resistance genes during WWTP treatment: A cross-sectional study. Water Research  161:319-28.